About Charlotte Perriand - Biography - Sweet Modern - Product Type - Details

Charlotte Perriand

Charlotte Perriand

Charlotte Perriand was a French native born in October of 1903.  She is known first and foremost for her use of tubular metal frames, plywood, and other machineable materials which went against the common convention of creating handcrafted furniture from rare and uncommon types of wood.  

Perriand studied furniture design at the Ecole de L'Union Centrale de Ars Decoratifs from 1920-1925 where she was taught by Henri Rapin, a notable Art Deco interior designer of the time.  After graduating Perriand began working on one of her most famous works, Le Bar sous le toit, for the Salon d'Automne, an annual exhibition held annually in Paris, France.  A month before the exhibition began she applied to work with Le Corbusier, who met her drawings with great criticism and rejected Perriand initally.  After her great success at the Salon d'Automne, Le Corbusier famously reconsidered and appointed Charlotte as the head of their interiors work and promoting their designs at exhibitions.

At Le Corbusiers studio Perriand worked alongside Pierre Jeanneret and Le Corbusier.  Her most famous works at this time were the B301 sling back chair, the B306 chaise lounge, and, most notably, the LC2 Grand Comfort chair.  She worked for Le Corbusier from 1927-1937, at which time she began working with Jean Prouvé.  

While working with Jean Prouvé, their work focused on designing military barracks and furnishings for temporary housng due to the high demand during World War 2.  When France surrendered in 1940, Perriand moved to Japan and worked as an official advisor for industrial design to the Ministry for Trade and Industry where she heavily influenced the improvement of production quality and facilitated trade with the western world.  While moving back to Europe, Perriand was detained and forced into Vietnamese exile until the end of the war.  

Due to new, innovative manufacturing methods and materials being used by the furniture industry, Perriand's work was in high demand after the war.  She was eager to resume work with Jean Prouvé.  Her most famous works from World War 2 through include the remodeling of Air France's London, Paris and Tokyo offices, multiple ski resorts, and the designing of the League of Nations building in Geneva.  

She then began work on the ski resorts at Les Arcs in Savoie.  Many of her ealier designs were inspired from the local furniture of Savoie, the home town of her grandparents and a place she visiting frequently as a child.  She worked on Les Arcs from 1967-1982.  

Perriand was inspired by Thonet's bentwood chairs, and used concepts from these chairs in her own designs frequently.   It was from this design that her most famous design, the Chaise Longue, stemmed from.  Perriand died 3 days after her 96th birthday in October of 1999.